Strategies for building awareness for the potential of peace education in Cameroon Ben Oru Mforndip
Special Report
Has Democracy Enhanced Development in Africa? Conrad John Masabo
Permanent Emergency Powers in France: The ‘Law to Strengthen Internal Security and the Fight Against Terrorism’ and the Protection of Human Rights Lena Muhs
Women’s Political Representation in Sri Lanka: Leading towards Prosperity or Peril Pujika Rathnayake
Lack of empathy as a threat to peace Victoria Scheyer
Comment II
The death of democracy in Honduras Daniel Bagheri S.
Berta Vive Daniel Bagheri Sarvestani
The Persons Who Changed the Lives of Terrorists and Criminals Surya Nath Prasad

Teaching Peace from Tales of the City: Peace Education through the Memoryscapes of Nagasaki Patporn Phoothong
Special Report
Reflections of Refugees in Africa Wyclife Ong'eta Mose
Challenges and prospects of AU to implement the Ezulwini Consensus: The case of collective security and the use of force Tunamsifu Shirambere Philippe
The Right to Food Shant Melkonian
Freedom of Expression Under Threat in Zambia Mariateresa Garrido
Douglas Janoff on LGBTQIA Human Rights Luciana Téllez
Common Things: Communication, Community, Communal Peacebuilding Lina Patricia Forero Martínez
The political Crisis of the 2017 Honduran Election Daniel Bagheri S.
Research Summary
Water Security in the Sixaola River Basin Adrián Martinez Blanco and Diana Ubico Durán
Reborn Arunima Chouguley
An Open Letter to the American People: Political Responsibility in the Nuclear Age Richard Falk, David Krieger, and Robert Laney


Last Updated: 03/26/2004
Half the World in Cities

This week the UN Population Division ( ) made its latest adjustments to its urban/rural prediction. While in 2003 48% of the world’s population lived in cities, by 2007 half the world will be in urban areas. Some of the cities are already unimaginably huge: Tokyo is 35 million and growing; Bombay and Delhi are both over the 20 million mark with San Paolo and Mexico close behind. The vast bulk of these cities are in the developing world. The size of the young male unemployed population thus becomes of great concern because they are among the prime movers of violence.


Given the scale of the growth, the speed of growth, the impoverishment of huge numbers in the cities, their poor rate of employment, the worsening housing conditions, the scope for violence is frightening. In addition in some parts of the world, say, Latin-America, elections become dominated by a kind of regression to populism that produces governments who are least suitable for the circumstances, and this populism is fed by the urban crowds.


The lack of good governance is all too often regarded as one of the major causes for the outbreak of violence and for its prolonged nature. Of course, some cities are noted for their good governance but when you run down the list of some of the largest and fastest growing cities in the world the alarmists may well have to be heard. But ringing alarm bells is not enough. Cities like countries need good governance. Will effective policy change be as speedy as the rapid growth of  urban populations? It does not look like it.