HOMEStrategies for building awareness for the potential of peace education in Cameroon Ben Oru Mforndip
Has Democracy Enhanced Development in Africa? Conrad John Masabo
Permanent Emergency Powers in France: The ‘Law to Strengthen Internal Security and the Fight Against Terrorism’ and the Protection of Human Rights Lena Muhs
Women’s Political Representation in Sri Lanka: Leading towards Prosperity or Peril Pujika Rathnayake
Lack of empathy as a threat to peace Victoria Scheyer
The death of democracy in Honduras Daniel Bagheri S.
The Persons Who Changed the Lives of Terrorists and Criminals Surya Nath Prasad
RECENT ARTICLES Teaching Peace from Tales of the City: Peace Education through the Memoryscapes of Nagasaki Patporn Phoothong
Reflections of Refugees in Africa Wyclife Ong'eta Mose
Challenges and prospects of AU to implement the Ezulwini Consensus: The case of collective security and the use of force Tunamsifu Shirambere Philippe
The Right to Food Shant Melkonian
Freedom of Expression Under Threat in Zambia Mariateresa Garrido
Douglas Janoff on LGBTQIA Human Rights Luciana Téllez
Common Things: Communication, Community, Communal Peacebuilding Lina Patricia Forero Martínez
The political Crisis of the 2017 Honduran Election Daniel Bagheri S.
Water Security in the Sixaola River Basin Adrián Martinez Blanco and Diana Ubico Durán
Reborn Arunima Chouguley
An Open Letter to the American People: Political Responsibility in the Nuclear Age Richard Falk, David Krieger, and Robert Laney
Last Updated: 02/23/2005The Poor are Always with Us
"Focus on Social Inequalities," Editors Penny Babb, Jean Martin and Paul Haezewindt, Office for National Statistics – London TSO, December 2004.
“Focus on Social Inequalities” describes the different experiences of social groups in the UK today in six key areas: education, work, income, living standards, health, and participation. It looks at the ‘advantaged’ as well as the ‘disadvantaged’ and explores the relative differences between them.
throughout the current literature on globalization and its benefits and/or ills,
are the issues of social and economic inequality. The term globalization is
vague: globalization of what, exactly? A globalized process, but in what way?
Globalization at root is globalization of the capitalist system. Hence, whatever
is true of capitalism generally must be true of globalized capitalism. Empirical
evidence is clear: capitalism is not only based on inequalities but continues to
reproduce inequalities (even though the benefits result in a shift from absolute
poverty to relative poverty). Not only has this always been the case, but it
continues to be the case, and a recent set of surveys in the
Focus on Social Inequalities, edited by Penny Babb, Jean Martin and Paul Haezewindt is available free on-line:
It is not
surprising to find that the better off are the parents in the
Looking at the figures historically, we note that for a time there was a tendency for inequalities of income to diminish. This was the case between 1979-1983, but then the trend was markedly reversed and all the gains were lost. Consistent with Kuznetzsian views, as growth rates increase so do inequalities. Thus inequalities reemerged with a vengeance in the rest of the 80 s and then as stagnation took place in the 90 s not much happened either way. All this is pretty normal to watchers of economic growth and income distribution. On balance, growth has some benefits for the poor because while inequalities increase, there are also some absolute gains, and, of course, growth does produce improvements in public services, especially in the provision of elements of the social wage such as health and education.
of wealth, however, is considerably more uneven than that of income. Half the
wealth of the
for the future of the
While lower income groups have caught up or are catching up in terms of washing machines and central heating, they now lag behind markedly in the information age with poor access to PCs and the internet. Better off families are six times more likely to have internet access than poorer families.
In terms of health, despite nearly sixty years of health provision, the poor have poorer health than better off groups and die earlier. Better off men lived seven years longer, and women nearly six years longer, than those in lower income groups.
We are left then with a consistent picture. Economic growth does bring all kinds of benefits to all and raises the definition of what constitutes absolute poverty. But the rich stay rich, even if the become less poor.
Simon Stander is the editor of the Peace & Conflict Monitor.