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In the News
Last Updated: 09/30/2003Crisis Watch
International Crisis Group
This issue’s news round-up highlights the work done by the ‘International Crisis Group’. The (ICG) is an independent, non-profit, multinational organisation, with 90 staff members on five continents, working through field-based analysis and high-level advocacy to prevent and resolve deadly conflict. The ICG has just begun issuing a monthly report, summarizing their assessment of the situation in some 60 areas of actual or potential conflict.
Following is a small selection of the ICG’s October ‘Crisis Watch’. To check out the ICG’s full crisis watch: http://www.crisisweb.org
§ Marc Lacey, “Sudan and rebels take big step to peace”, International Herald Tribune, 26 September 2003.
Bosnia & Herzegovina Concerted international pressure led on 25 September to adoption of draft law on defence reform that, if endorsed by parliament, will provide for state command over entity armies and pave way for BiH to join NATO’s Partnership for Peace early next year. Draft laws on intelligence and indirect tax reform also await parliamentary endorsement. New commission to unite Mostar began work on 25 September. SFOR continues to uncover arms caches left over from war. Remains of some 500 people have been discovered in single mass grave in NE Bosnia – assumed to be Muslim wartime victims of Serbs.
§ Russ Baker, “Can foreigners fix Bosnia?”, Christian Science Monitor, 18 Sept. 2003.
§ “Regional NATO chief says Bosnia stability fragile”, Reuters AlertNet, 18 September 2003.
For background, see ICG Balkans Report N°146, Bosnia’s Nationalist Governments: Paddy Ashdown and the Paradoxes of State Building, 22 July 2003 at http://www.crisisweb.org/
§ “Afghanistan: NATO looking to expand security force beyond Kabul”, RFE/RL, 19 September 2003.
§ “Germany sends troops to scout out expanding Afghanistan mission”, Deutsche Welle, 11 September 2003.
”Aid workers in peril”, IWPR Afghan Recovery Report No. 75, 10 September 2003.
§ George Jahn, “IAEA urges North Korea to abandon nukes”, The Guardian, 19 September 2003.
For background, see ICG Asia Report N°61, North Korea: A Phased Negotiation Strategy, 1 August 2003 at www.crisisweb.org and comment by Michael O’Hanlon, “Think Bigger on North Korea”, The Washington Post, 17 September 2003.
§ “India kills 15 Islamic militants”, CNN.com, 29 September 2003.
§ “India attacks Kashmir ‘blackmail’”, BBC News, 25 September 2003.
“Kashmiri hardliners name leader”, BBC News, 15 September 2003.
Bolivia Trade unions have launched indefinite general strike, protesting Government plans to export natural gas to US. Peasants in mountain region set up roadblocks.
§ Grace Livingstone, “Unions in Bolivia go on strike”, The Guardian, 29 September 2003.
“Bolivia gas plans trigger unrest”, BBC News, 16 September 2003.
Iran Tension increasing over issue of Iranian nuclear program. IAEA set 31 October deadline for Tehran to enable UN to verify it is not building nuclear weapons. Matter may be referred to Security Council if Iran deemed non-compliant. Concern that standoff playing into hands of Iranian hardliners and could escalate, with risk of Iran pulling out of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Elsewhere, Iran-UK relations on rocks after several shooting incidents outside British embassy in Tehran and last month’s arrest by UK of former Iranian ambassador to Argentina.
§ Louis Charbonneau,“UN steps up Iran nuclear probe ahead of deadline”, Reuters AlertNet, 23 September 2003.
§ “Iran vows to increase military strength”, BBC News, 22 September 2003.
“It’s all gone dreadfully wrong”, The Economist, 18 September 2003.