Strategies for building awareness for the potential of peace education in Cameroon Ben Oru Mforndip
Special Report
Has Democracy Enhanced Development in Africa? Conrad John Masabo
Permanent Emergency Powers in France: The ‘Law to Strengthen Internal Security and the Fight Against Terrorism’ and the Protection of Human Rights Lena Muhs
Women’s Political Representation in Sri Lanka: Leading towards Prosperity or Peril Pujika Rathnayake
On the Migrant Crisis Daniel Bagheri Sarvestani
Book Review
Inclusive Transitional Justice through Truth Commissions: A Book Review Amos Izerimana

Was it permissible for The United Nations to authorize humanitarian intervention in the post-election conflict in Cote d’ivoire? Dramane Ouattara
Special Report
Reflections of Refugees in Africa Wyclife Ong'eta Mose
Challenges and prospects of AU to implement the Ezulwini Consensus: The case of collective security and the use of force Tunamsifu Shirambere Philippe
The Right to Food Shant Melkonian
Freedom of Expression Under Threat in Zambia Mariateresa Garrido
Douglas Janoff on LGBTQIA Human Rights Luciana Téllez
Common Things: Communication, Community, Communal Peacebuilding Lina Patricia Forero Martínez
Lack of empathy as a threat to peace Victoria Scheyer
Comment II
The death of democracy in Honduras Daniel Bagheri S.
Research Summary
Water Security in the Sixaola River Basin Adrián Martinez Blanco and Diana Ubico Durán
Reborn Arunima Chouguley
An Open Letter to the American People: Political Responsibility in the Nuclear Age Richard Falk, David Krieger, and Robert Laney


  • On the Migrant Crisis 11/05/2018
    The current "crisis" of largely Honduran migrants seeking asylum in the United States has deep roots of political oppression and economic exploitation across the region.

  • Lack of empathy as a threat to peace 01/26/2018
    Key words: empathy, violence, international relations, cosmopolitanism, peace

  • The political Crisis of the 2017 Honduran Election 12/04/2017
    Daniel Bagheri reports on the ongoing tensions in Honduras following the 2017 national elections.

  • Periodismo Ciudadano e Internet 06/21/2017
    Palabras clave: comunicación, información, protección a los Periodistas y Comunicadores Sociales, Periodismo Ciudadano

  • Risk Factors and Symptoms: Recognizing PTSD 10/04/2016

  • Don’t just seek to resolve war once it erupts, prevent it in the first place 02/02/2016
    United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon speaks on the benefits of preventing deadly conflicts such as the Syrian war, rather than responding to their disastrous humanitarian consequences after the fact.

  • An open letter to those who believe in just war against ISIS. 12/08/2015

  • On Refugees & International Conflict 11/17/2015
    This paper discusses the risks caused by cross-border refugee migration. It underscores the hazard of regional destabilization through the militarization of refugee camps. It calls for the necessity to effectively prevent such threat, and proposes some preventive measures to mitigate such possibility.

  • Does ideology matter for mass media democratization in Latin America? 08/25/2015
    This article review's Kitzberger's thesis that ideology should be given greater attention in media analyses of Latin America in light of counter examples offered by Gomez Garcia & Terre and Sartoretto. In the end, the article finds that many groups and individuals are calling for media democratization in the region, not only the leftist governments.

  • Democracy if necessary but not necessarily democracy 03/02/2015

  • Costa Rica's Emphasis On Cars Challenges Environmental Narrative 01/05/2015
    Key terms: Costa Rica, Tourism, Environmentalism, Transportation, Car Culture

  • A Reminder of the Costs of the Iraq War and the War on Terror 08/22/2014
    As tensions escalate again in Iraq and the United States considers further involvement, Andrew Syrios recommends that the American people take a moment to acknowledge the significant costs that the "War on Terror" has already incurred.

  • Memory of Toyama Air Raid (1st-2nd August 1945) 07/18/2014
    August 1st marks the 69th anniversary of the Toyama air raid, one of the forgotten atrocities of the Second World War. In this article, Takuo Namisashi comments on the history and commemoration of the air raid on Toyama city.

  • Japan weakens its commitment to constitutional pacifism 07/07/2014
    The Japanese government's recent reinterpretation of the constitution without the full participation of the people, jeopardizes the peace that japan has enjoyed for the past 60 years and raises regional tensions. Historian and peace scholar Takuo Namisashi comments.

  • Three Challenges to Peace in Lebanon 05/30/2014
    Vanessa Bassil argues that social divisions and state failures pose significant, but surmountable challenges to peace in Lebanon.

  • The Campaign to award the Nobel Peace Prize to Japan for Article 9 04/22/2014
    Takuo Namisashi tells the story of Naomi Takasu's effort to bring Japan's peace constitution to the attention of the Nobel Prize committee, and explains how international recognition of Article 9, despite its flaws, could have a real impact on countering the rising militarism in Japan and the region.

  • The anniversary of Rwanda: A time for pause 04/04/2014
    Gerald Caplan calls for personal reflection on the anniversary of the Rwandan genocide - challenging us all to unlearn our hatreds and the common assumption that only "they" are capable of evil.

  • Just War 02/24/2014

    Dedicated to my lama - He who shares a similar name with a person who historically distinguished himself on the battlefields of the Tibetan plateau.

  • 02/20/2014

  • Awakening to Our Role in Human Rights and Global Peace 12/10/2013
    Dr Prasad comments on peace education for the protection of human rights and global peace on the occasion of UN Human Rights Day, emphasizing the role of the rich and powerful of society to leverage their privilege for the good of society and the necessity of each of us to awaken our best potential and serve the common good above selfish interests.

  • The fallacy of armed intervention and the tragedy of violence 09/27/2013
    Andres Jimenez discusses the ongoing violence in Syria and the fallacy of conflict resolution through further violence. Jimenez argues that the increasing participation of regional and international powers makes Syria a focal point of larger conflicting interests, frustrating peace efforts; rather, the role of the international community should be to support the Syrian people themselves and Syrian civil society as they struggle to reach an acceptable socio-political settlement - ideally through nonviolent means.

  • The Wholesaling of Political Islam 08/20/2013
    "Political Islam" is a term often used to mask over many shades of political and Islamic opinion as well as their interactions. Abukar Arman unmasks the term and discusses its complexity in light of Egypt's ongoing political crisis.

  • ILO Convention 169: Free, prior consent and the Diquís Hydroelectric Project in Costa Rica 08/03/2013
    The Costa Rican government is pushing for the construction of the Diquís Hydroelectric project in the Southeastern part of the country, where indigenous peoples live. The Costa Rican law recognized the autonomy of these territories in the 1970’s and yet it insists on ignoring and overruling its own law, for the “benefit of the country.” A similar situation in Brazil has resulted in massive protests as the indigenous peoples are being marched upon. Their right to free, prior and informed consent, as prescribed by the ILO’s Convention 169 is being ignored. The Organization of American States as well as Special Rapporteur James Anaya have already expressed their concern about the situation.

  • The Myth of Rule of Law 07/15/2013
    Law is neither morally just for its own sake, nor is it capable of securing international peace and stability as it is based on contested notions of territoriality and sovereignty. Shant Abou Cham explains.

  • What is happening in Brazil? 06/21/2013
    Paulo Guerra sent us this commentary from the protests in Brazil.

  • Reeyot Alemu: Young Hero of Ethiopia Press Freedom 05/10/2013
    Reeyot Alemu has recently been awarded by the International Women's Media Foundation and UNESCO for her inspiring commitment to freedom of speech and opinion, even as she faces severe persecution from the Ethiopian government, and continues to be imprisoned.

  • MASSACRE IN NIGERIA: More Than 200 Killed, 4000 Houses Burnt 04/30/2013
    Lawal Tsalha discusses the recent reports of massacre in Northern Nigeria involving the Multinational joint Task Force and Boko Haram, as well as the steps taken by President Goodluck Jonathan to respond.

  • Education's Role In Combating Terrorism, Violence and Extremism in Iraq 04/08/2013
    Majid Ahmed Salih discusses his initial research into the question of how the education system can be used to promote security and prevent terrorism and violence in Iraq.

  • Setback for Boko Haram ceasefire agreement 02/12/2013
    Nine women taking part in a polio vaccine program and three North Korean doctors working in a Yobe state hospital have been killed in northeastern Nigera. Lawal Tsalha comments on the implications of these latest killings for the fragile ceasefire agreement with Boko Haram.

  • On the 60th anniversary of the Korean War armistice agreement 01/21/2013
    Though the combat phase of the war is over, the Korean peninsula is still without a lasting peace.

  • The nature of justice: Irony and the obligation to multiculturalism 10/23/2012
    Responding to recent tensions in Kenya between government security forces and the Mombasa Republican Council, as well as the activities of unrelated vigilante groups, Humphrey Sipalla discusses the paradox of seeking justice in a largely unjust and essentially multicultural world.

  • To be a drop of peace 09/24/2012
    Kerstin Zettmar reflects on the difficulties that many of us face when we are confronted with thoughts, ideas, institutions, or policies that we strongly disagree with, and considers different ways through which we may be able to strengthen our personal resolve and coherence while remaining open and responsive to the perspectives of others, ultimately recognizing the importance of effective and respectful communication as a step towards building a culture of peace.

  • Understanding Racist Hate Crimes in America 08/09/2012
    Researcher Mathew G. Ituma discusses the recent murder of Sikh worshippers at a temple in Oak Creek Wisconsin, as well as the racist attack on the Bontas family in the Reno Sparks Indian Colony or Nevada in an effort to understand the twisted subculture of racist hate crimes in the United Sates, particularly those carried out by white supremacists. With reference to a handful of economic and social theories, the author argues that beneath the irrationality and ignorance of racist crime are patterns of identity formation, frustration, economic inequality, poverty, and power.

  • Exploring the Minds of Young Killers: Psychology, Gun Control, and the Colorado Theater Shooting 07/24/2012
    Researcher Mathew G Ituma discusses US gun culture and the recent shooting in a Colorado movie theater in light of Dr Peter Langman's research into the psychology of young killers. The three aspects highlighted by the author are trauma, psychosis, and psychopathy, as well as general social dynamics, gender, and the ready availability of weapons in the United States.

  • Beauty and Politics 07/04/2012
    Dipo Djungdjungan Summa argues that (female) beauty can't be "natural", as it is always related to the preferences of dominant social groups, and therefore an expression of power.

  • Global Governance for Security and Peace: The Role of Peace Education 06/01/2012
    This is excerpt from the speech delivered by Dr. Prasad at the International Academic Peace Conference on the eve of UN International Peace Day at Hotel Lotte, Seoul organized by Institute of International Peace Studies, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

  • Sri Lanka’s Prevention of Domestic Violence Act: An Eye-Wash 04/27/2012
    Aingkaran Kugathasan details the limitations of Sri Lanka's Prevention of Domestic Violence Act in the context of the country's patriarchal socio-cultural and legal history.

  • Costa Rica: utópicas realidades 03/30/2012
    Un viaje histórico a través de los hitos y logros principales que han contribuido a la construcción de la Cultura de Paz en Costa Rica, cuyo legado es parte del presente de un país afamado internacionalmente como la utopía pacifista centroamericana.

  • Islam and its seeming incompatibility with the West 03/01/2012
    The wave of largely non-violent, popular movements that swept across large portions of the Arab world in early 2011 to demand government accountability, social responsiveness, women's rights, and other social reforms, is not necessarily incompatible with liberal democracy -- even if it is firmly based in political Islam.

  • Beyond Tradition: Welcoming the New Year and the Environment 02/13/2012
    James Lovelock, author of Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth, smartly points out that, “for each of our actions there are only consequences”. While we understand this concept at face value, rarely do we stop to consider the multifaceted impacts of our actions. Reflecting on the manufacturing, transportation, combustion and solid waste associated with fireworks celebrations, Stephanie Weiss challenges us to consider the following: What kind of consequence does welcoming the New Year with fireworks have on our environment?

  • The Essence of Good Governance in Maintaining Sustainable Peace and Security in Cameroon 01/23/2012
    This paper aims at highlighting the shortcomings of institutions that do not uphold the principles of good governance in Cameroon and how they have led to a series of conflicts and uprising that nearly paralysed the country and threatened the peace and integrity of the nation.

  • Open Source, Dynamic Systems and Self-Organization 12/08/2011
    Open source advocate and practitioner Ino Fleishmann comments on the utility and significance of open source, examining different motivational drivers behind its power of innovation through dynamic systems and self-organization.

  • Balkanization and Subjugation of Somalia 11/15/2011
    Somalia's Special Envoy to the United States, Abukar Arman, provides first-hand commentary on Somalia's hard-hit reality. Rejecting conventional confines proposed by the interest groups within international community and the "political vultures of the 21st Century", he calls on Somalia's Traditional Federal Parliament to assert itself against the limiting aspects of the Kampala Accord and, instead, stand strong to support the will of the Somali nation.

  • Gaddafi, Sodomy, and Liberal Peace 10/26/2011
    Dr Fontan discusses the graphic and disturbing video of Libyan rebels sodomizing and beating Muammar Gaddafi during his capture, released by GlobalPost, in reference to the doctrine of responsibility to protect (R2P), as well as democratization, humiliation, and the liberal peace paradigm.

  • Are Human Rights Universal? 09/12/2011
    Dipo Djungdjungan Summa argues that human rights be treated as a universal value, despite their link to "western" culture, because of their emphasis on non-discrimination and multiculturalism, as well as their ability to curb the power of states and other organizations over individuals.

  • International Humanitarian Law Violations Committed by the Nkundan Rebellion in the Democratic Republic of Congo. 07/31/2011
    University for Peace Great Lakes Program Fellow, Philippe Tunamsifu Shirambere, comments on violations of International Humanitarian Law committed by the Nkundan rebellion in the Democratic Republic of Congo, understood within the larger context of political violence in Africa's Great Lakes Region.

  • The Absence of Women in the Development of International Law: A Critical Women’s Rights Issue 06/03/2011
    Jerry M'bartee Locula sheds light on the development of international law from a gendered perspective, emphasizing the lack of women's involvement in the patriarchal global system. Highlighting ways to strengthen the international women's rights movement, he calls on men to become advocates of gender equality by being outspoken in demanding the inclusion of women's rights at all levels of international lawmaking.

  • Peacejacking: Peace Literacy and the Co-optation of Peace Concepts 05/06/2011
    Oliver Rizzi Carlson comments on the (ab)use of peace language to describe the reported capture and killing of Osama bin Laden. Far from an isolated case, Rizzi suggests that we call this form of dialectal manipulation "peacejacking".

  • Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability 04/15/2011
    Contrary to criticism by neoliberal economists, NGOs and academics, Mayuri Misra comments on the utility of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), offering a perspective on how to strengthen CSR for authenticity and effectiveness toward change.

  • Obama’s Visit to El Salvador 03/22/2011
    Victor Valle, Associate Vice Rector of the University for Peace and former member of the Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional (FMLN) movement in El Salvador, comments on US President Barack Obama's visit to El Salvador and its implications for future Salvadoran-US relations.

  • Costa Rica moves towards militarism 01/20/2011
    Monica Paniagua comments on the current debate in Costa Rica about increasing the scope and weapons of the national police force as a response to the ongoing border dispute with Nicaragua. Paniagua argues that Costa Rica should stay true to its tradition of diplomacy and avoid the slippery slope to militarism.

  • A Silly Dream? 01/02/2011
    David Krieger responds to the question of many skeptics of nuclear abolition (as well as the peace movement more generally): is it all a "silly dream"?

  • Validity and Justice: Discrediting the Theory of Just War 10/25/2010
    Alex Powell tackles the logical problem of Just War theory, putting time-honoured arguments for war under much needed critical scrutiny. The centerpiece of Powell's argument is relativity, as the absense of a central moral authority, an objective truth, and an unbiased distinction between innocence and guilt undercut the assumptions of classical just war theory to devastating effect.

  • The Current Global Paradigm: Obsession with Production 08/08/2010
    “For the rich to live on the backs of the poor, the poor need to have backs that will not break.” - Unknown

    Break this statement down into context. In the context of globalization, socio-economics, and social politics, this statement can be rewritten as: “To continue exploiting a resource, that resource must be limitless.” When I first began critically analyzing this sentence, I focused on proving how it represented an economical and political fallacy. I had a rhetorical paper, full of morals and ethics when I finished. It was full of how this neo-slavery paradigm was immoral and therefore it must constitute an overall negative impact when it came to global politics and economics. How could anything that was immoral prosper? I grabbed my laptop and began my web-search. I turned up with nothing; a few blogs, a few anti-globalization organizations, and vague articles from unknown sources. It was then that I realized that this statement, no matter how morally disgusting it sounds, not only represents an efficient means for a productive outcome for economies and their governmental policies, but it also represents the current global ideology. The following paper will demonstrate how the above statement: “For the rich to live on the backs of the poor, the poor need to have backs that will not break” summarizes the current globalization paradigm. The contents will accurately highlight society’s current obsession with production, and discussion will continue on why it is important to understand this sentiment when it comes to exploring alternative paradigms that support economies and governments that exist for the benefit of the people, all people, globally. After consideration of all of these points, this paper will conclude with the question of if our current global paradigm should continue, or if it is time for a global frame shift in ideology.

  • Thoughts on a Recent Celebration in Mexico: An Interesting Parallel 06/01/2010
    Pandora Hopkins reflects on the cycles of history, drawing attention to a parallel between French expectations for a successful invasion of Mexico in 1862 and those of the US shortly before the launch of their 2003 campaign in Iraq -- both believing that they would be greeted as liberators by the respective nations they sought to control.

  • The Sorry State of British Democracy 05/11/2010
    Patricia Rich gives a first hand account of the spiritless British elections, which seem all the more bland in comparison to the vibrant 2009 democratic election in El Salvador, which Rich participated in as an international observer.

  • The people of Bolivia are rising and provide us with hope 03/19/2010
    Matt Kennard finds inspiration in the ground-up democratic movements of Bolivia, and the progress made by Evo Morales' social policies. This article is cross-posted from the

  • Military Escalation Will Harm Afghan People, US Interests 12/01/2009
    "I know that Obama's election has brought great hopes to peace-loving people in the United States. But for Afghans, Obama's military buildup will only bring more suffering and death to innocent civilians..."

    -- Afghan parliamentarian Malalai Joya

  • Obama: Another Nobel Scandal 10/14/2009
    It is high time to have a discussion about this prize and bring it closer to what Alfred Nobel wanted it to be.

  • Nepal's Special Security Plan: Political Stunt? 10/07/2009
    An independent commentary on recently introduced the Special Security Plan (SSP) of Nepal.

  • Nepal's Diplomacy for Visa Lust 08/11/2009

  • Honduras: La Carta del Ejército 07/18/2009

  • The ‘Banking’ System of Teaching: Frowns and No Flowers 06/02/2009

  • Rogelio Fernández Güell: Un Quijote costarricense, homenaje a los 91 años de su asesinato 05/08/2009

  • Founding Sisters 03/16/2009

  • Women and Politics 03/11/2009

  • The Illusion of Democracy in Latin America 03/02/2009
    In light of the excesses, corruption, "emptiness" and elitism of certain "exemplary" Latin American democracies in the 20th Century, Tara Ruttenberg reflects on the emergence of leftist, populist, participatory democracies in the region, celebrates their successes, and warns against the possibility of backsliding into authoritarianism.

  • Sri Lanka: a plea for democracy 01/16/2009

  • Barack Obama: a new beginning? 11/16/2008
    Johan Galtung reviews the monumental challenges that Barack Obama will face as the 44th president of the United States, as well as the intense support he is likely to receive from his own citizens and the international community.

  • Derechos y libertades: 60 Aniversario de la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos 10/06/2008

  • Unconventional Women and Politics 09/02/2008
    Molly Mayfield Barbee marks the 88th anniversary of the nineteenth amendment to the US constitution with an appreciation of the central role that women are playing in this year's presidential race in the US (Michelle Obama, Hillary Clinton, and now Sarah Palin), as well as the much longer list of women whose unconventional demand for greater political participation brought us to where we are today.

    Some recent and positive developments for women's representation in Europe and Africa are also discussed, and women everywhere are encouraged to build on these successes, continue to collaborate, and practice their political rights.

  • El derecho a la democracia 08/29/2008

  • How do peacebuilders promote change? 08/09/2008

  • A World Without War 07/07/2008
    Human Rights Law remains an essential tool in the effort to minimize suffering in war, and stand up for justice in the face of overwhelming injustice. Still, as Theckanath points out, we should not lose sight of the larger struggle: to eradicate war completely.

  • On the Frustrations of being from a "Restricted Country" 06/02/2008
    Carla Ortiz reflects on the emotional ups and downs, and the tangle of red tape facing visa applicants from so-called "restricted countries".

  • Olympics rhymes with politics 05/01/2008
    Are the Olympics just another form of war by proxy? Raluca Batanoiu comments on the inherent nationalist sentiment of the Games and the long history of protests and politics they have reflected.

  • And you would think they'd listen... 04/04/2008
    Camilo Acero discusses the massive, peaceful protests in Colombia which were organized by Oscar Morales through a Facebook group called "One Million Voices Against the FARC." Approximately four million answered the call.

  • Kenya: The journey is far from over 03/04/2008
    President Kibaki and Mr Raila Odinga have signed a power-sharing agreement, thereby taking an important step toward political stability and peace in the region. As Wangari Maathai points out, however, many issues of justice and reconciliation remain to be addressed, including the human cost of recent violence and the underlying causes of its outbreak in the first place.

  • It stops with me 02/06/2008

  • Speaking my Truth 01/10/2008

  • A Solution to my Existential Crisis as a Teacher – Learning Communities 12/04/2007

  • New Anti-corruption Drive Leaves Many Sceptical 06/07/2007

  • Big Dreams, Small Hopes 04/17/2007

  • Missing from Your Curriculum? 03/19/2007

  • Macedonia's Road to the European Union 02/28/2007
    Macedonia in hopes of EU membership finds solutions to overcome a war struck past and the divide of nationalism. Our two authors contemplate the country's "peace plan" and greatest motivation for political and economic harmony - EU integration.

  • Understanding Peace Education: An Indian Perspective 02/16/2007

  • Rescuing Afghanistan from Terror: Recommendations for Recovery 01/30/2007
    The undetermined question: where will Afghanistan go next? Taking a step forward – Al Santoli provides a solution oriented analysis of the insurgency in Afghanistan. Treading through a mud thick of strife, other options must be considered to overcome the increasing number of attacks on civilians and foreign parties and the ever-growing opium industry.

  • Is Global Media Setting the Agenda for UN Peace Keeping Operations: Revisiting the UNOSOM Debacle 11/30/2006

  • What North Korea Wants 10/27/2006
    Maurice Strong takes a yet to be seen objective approach to the North Korea debacle. In acknowledging the political incentives that would amp the DPRK to develop its nuclear technology, he asserts the military expansion to be more of a strategic chess move than toying with its nuclear neighbors and foes. Is there a fix-all solution to nuclear proliferation on the Korea peninsula? Strong toggles through ideas of diplomacy and difficulties that lay ahead.

  • Naxal Violence: India’s Achilles Heel 08/23/2006

  • India as Superpower? 07/12/2006
    India’s quest for security appears to be expanding beyond her own borders on a global scale. Can it be regarded as a welcome prospective trend? India’s upcoming military base in Central Asia may as well be an exercise in sharing United States security concerns around the world. Beginning is apparently being made at oil rich Tajikistan. Is India looking forward to be a superpower in another decade’s time? Is India changing her policy of peaceful co-existence? All these are pointers worth considering. India is already playing a predominant role in the South Asian context. Where will this new road to security end for India?

  • The Truth about Mano Dura 06/06/2006
    Some Central American countries have responded to escalating gang violence by passing hard-line measures designed to control the violence with more law enforcement. But a few years into those mano dura policies, one thing is clear: they're not working.

  • Andijan, You Are Remembered 05/24/2006
    Commemorating the one-year anniversary of the Andijan Massacre.

  • French Strikers, Then and Now 04/27/2006
    During the recent student strikes in France protesting proposed labor law changes, commentators loved to make comparisons with the strikes of '68. Generally, however, the comparisons missed their mark, and the point of both protests: workers rights.

  • The Lesser of Several Evils 03/15/2006
    It is obvious Iran is seeking a nuclear weapon. The question, therefore, is what to do about it, and this question must be answered now, before Israel takes matters into its own hands and sets off even more conflict in the region, or before Iran gets the bomb and sets off an arms race among its neighbors. The international community's options aren't pretty, but even worse would be to do nothing.

  • Ignoring Genocide, One More Time 03/01/2006
    The world watched with a mixture of horror and lethargy during the various genocides of the 20th century, later wondering why no one tried to stop it. But as the grimness in Darfur, Sudan, continues to unfold, the cycle is repeating itself.

  • The Nuts and Bolts of Genocide 12/15/2005

  • Islam: Fighting the Darkness Within 12/01/2005

  • The Meaning of DR-CAFTA 11/17/2005
    The Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement is near completion. It has been ratified by all parties except for Costa Rica, who most analysts agree is likely to sign the agreement sooner or later. Meanwhile, a ferocious debate has sprung up of the future affects of this agreement, and both sides have their narratives: One, that the agreement will cause growth and prosperity, the other that the agreement will plunge impoverished peoples further into the depths. So which is it? The narratives obscure the truth.

  • Fortress Europe: Ceuta and Melilla 11/03/2005
    In September the world watched a dramatic spectacle unfolding as thousands of would-be immigrants from all over Africa charged barbed wire fences surrounding the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla in a desperate attempt to enter Europe. In several incidents some immigrants were shot dead. In another, they were rounded up, put in trucks, and shipped off and left in the desert with no food, water, or shelter. These events highlight the growing need for the European Union to not only confront the issue of immigrant human rights, but make it a priority.

  • India and the IAEA’s Iran Resolution 10/20/2005
    Faced with further breakdowns in negotiations with the Iranian government, the International Atomic Energy Agency recently passed a controversial resolution that could lead to the referal of Iran's budding nuclear program to the UN Security Council. What's more, in a surprising move, long-time friend India voted with the United States against Iran, even as an energy deal between the two is about to make their relationship even closer. What gives?

  • Friends to the End (Here's Hoping) 09/20/2005
    Even as New Orleans was still reeling, an unusual thing was happening over at the State Department.

  • Where are the men? What about women? 08/18/2005

  • Einstein and sustainability 07/12/2005
    “We have heard much about Albert Einstein’s brilliant, ground-breaking, and at times audacious contributions to physics; and we have heard how these contributions continue to guide, challenge, tease and perplex today’s physicists,” says UPEACE Rector Julia Marton-Lefèvre. But what would Einstein think about the modern-day issues of sustainable development and peace, in relation to science? A speech.

  • Schools as systems of violence 06/14/2005

  • Oily Iraq 05/09/2005
    The elections in Iraq were widely hailed as a tentative success in an otherwise disastrous situation. But considering the history of foreign intervention in the Middle East when it comes to oil interests, perhaps this silver cloud has a dark lining.

  • Cautious optimism best for India 04/14/2005
    The Kashmir bus service is a nice confidence building measure, but nothing more. India should remain cautious, as such signs of good will have, in the past, led to brutal conflicts.

  • Clockwork Limón: 03/10/2005
    A Reflection on Violence, Gangs and State Repression in Central America

  • The Orange Revolution 02/23/2005
    Some doubted that the opposition could pull off the so-called "Orange Revolution" in the Ukraine. But with the elections complete and the dust clearing, pro-democracy reformer Viktor Yushchenko sits in the presidency. Here Suleymanov explores what went right for the opposition, what went wrong for the establishment, and why Russian influence just wasn't strong enough.

  • Water War 01/18/2005
    Sam Wolf Cheney comes from a small town in Northern New Mexico, near the state capital of Santa Fe where he has lived for much of his adult life. The conflict there stems from familiar sources: struggle over scarce natural resources (primarily water); the arrival of one ethnic group into territory long held by another; a struggle between divergent cultural values; endemic poverty. Hope lies in shared responibility...

  • Self-immolation in Tajikistan 12/08/2004
    A significantly large number of young women in Tajikistan, and elsewhere in Central Asia, forced into marriage attempt suicide by setting themselves alight. The author explains why.

  • The Elusive Peace: Nepal 11/16/2004
    As both the Nepal government and Maoist rebels are adamant on their respective stands, prospects of peace remain as elusive as ever and the Himalayan kingdom continues to bleed, literally.

  • The Sakakini Center 10/19/2004
    The Sakakini Center has at different times received funding from the Japanese Government, the United Nations Development Program, the Ford Foundation, the European Union and Dutch benefactors - hardly radical organizations in the grand scheme of things.

  • Peace Process in Sri-Lanka Stalls 09/20/2004

  • Pura Vida 05/20/2004
    Jerald L. Schnoor marvels at the popular Costa Rican greeting of Pura Vida.

  • Bhutan, Nepal and Human Rights 05/05/2004
    The Youth Organisation of Bhutan (in exile) draws attention to the horrific forgotten plight of 135,000 refugees.

  • Only Men Have Last Names 04/20/2004

  • Haitians Denied Asylum 03/26/2004

  • How likely is conflict over the Nile waters? 03/18/2004
    Ferdinand Katendeko finds that pre-independence agreements by the then dominant Colonial power over the control of the vital Nile waters may lead to further conflict in conflict-torn Africa.

  • No Arms in Iceland 02/19/2004
    The author discusses whether Iceland should join the list of 19 countries with no armed forces that includes Grenada, Samoa, Lichtenstein, Mauritius and Costa Rica. The decision may depend with the the potential unemployment problems in Keflavik.

  • Escaping Oil 02/11/2004
    Executive Order 13303 comes in for scrutiny reinforcing the belief that George W Bush has a tendency to be supportive of the US oil industry.

  • How beautiful is small? 01/26/2004
    CEFRAD, The Centre for Rights & Development, discusses the problems with human rights in the Seychelles.

  • Waging War on Toys 12/15/2003
    Sweden and Norway have successful voluntary restriction of the sale of war toys; Malta prohibits their import; Greece bans television advertising; Australia places some restrictions on imports. The European Parliament recommended that its member states ban advertising of war toys and reduce their sale.

    What is your government doing about it?

  • Drawing a veil over bad habits 11/25/2003
    Piervincenzo Canale and Joseph Schumacher consider some of the seemingly intractable problems of religious symbolism and is thankful for the European Court in Strasbourg that may well have to adjudicate.

    Europe’s recent conniption fit over reconciling the demands of secularity, what it means to be a good ‘European’ and the aspirations of its fast growing Muslim community continues...

  • Deja Vu in Guatemala 11/04/2003
    General Rios Montt whose human rights record after he seized power in Guatemala in 1982 was truly appalling. It had been hoped that since 1999 the chances of a growing and genuine democracy in that country was going to be good. Since Rios Montt announced his desire to return to power via democratic election, many are desperately hoping against hope that his campaign will come to nothing. The elections loom in a few days from now, November 9.

  • Children as problem-solvers 10/20/2003
    "I was truly amazed at the lesson these kindergarten children had learned. They learned that collectively, they could take on a problem that was bigger than they were (literally and figuratively), and that through a process, they could change a situation that was threatening to them. They not only learned that lesson, but in passing it on to the other students in their school, they also taught the lesson to others and made it a lesson for the entire school community."

  • Waiting for the Rain 10/02/2003

  • An Agenda for Kosovo 09/16/2003
    From this month UNMIK, the UN Mission to Kosovo, is to be headed by a new Special Representative. The International Crisis Group offers its advice and proposals for a new agenda.

  • Small is Beautiful and Dedicated to Peace 08/25/2003
    Tex Albert reports on the SIPAI, Small Island Peace Action Initiative.

  • SARS and the High Moral Ground 07/28/2003
    The hysteria surrounding SARS has abated, but has it left a legacy by recasting infectious disease as a more central security concern?

  • Oil, Aids and Africa 07/14/2003
    This unprecedented oil rush dwarfs the Western aid, Africa currently relies on and provides a unique opportunity to turn the continent around. However the fear, of many of those who work in promoting sustainable development in Africa, is that this oil bonanza will never benefit the vast majority of Africans, who live in the worst poverty, and will plunge the continent further into chaos

  • Taiwan, China & SARS 06/09/2003
    Dr Hahn, Executive Director at the Washington Think Tank, Association of Third World Affairs argues that the SARS epidemic should give China pause for thought in its attitude to Taiwan.

  • The Way Forward: justice, solidarity and cooperation 05/26/2003
    The Rector of the University for Peace lays out his views on the problems and possibilities for Peace, and ways of ending violent conflict. These views were delivered before an audience of some 500 people gathered in Nuremberg, Germany, on 1st May 2003. The governing authorities and the people of the historic City of Nuremberg are committed to spreading peace worldwide, and are responsible for a growing number of significant initiatives.

  • Banks, Guns and Baguettes in Angolagate's Missing Billions 04/28/2003
    Joseph Schumacher scrutinises the current situation in Angola, and finds the international financial system wanting. See also our current book review of Joseph E Stiglitz's critique of the IMF and his prescription for reform.

  • Is the War in Iraq Justified Under International Law? 04/14/2003
    "All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations."

  • A socioenvironmental success story? The World Bank thinks so. 03/17/2003