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Women’s Political Representation in Sri Lanka: Leading towards Prosperity or Peril Pujika Rathnayake
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Essay II
  • Uganda’s Unresolved Conflict 07/03/2013
    This paper outlines the history of conflict in Uganda as well as various attempts at negotiating a peace settlement among the conflicting parties. The central argument is that a combination of factors – including deeply entrenched socio-political divisions, a long history of impunity and antagonism, and the presence of the ICC – have all contributed to sustaining conflict and frustrating attempts at negotiation.

  • Examining the tragedy of New Orleans using Classical Realism, Green theory, and Marxism to champion Climate Debt and Environmental Justice 06/01/2012
    August 23, 2005 remains in history as a turning point for many of us and specifically for the residents of New Orleans. On this day, the infamous Hurricane Katrina was born in the Bahamas. It swiftly transformed itself into a category one hurricane and crossed over to South Florida, killing some people and caused some floods before it grew into a dangerous monster as it transcended the Gulf of Mexico. Landing as a category three storm in New Orleans, it unleashed extensive terror, environmental and economic damage all the way into Central Florida and Texas. Some critics argued that it was act of God. Others say it was God’s way of “cleaning” New Orleans. Others pondered that it was time for business. While this remains contested, it is undeniable that this tragedy was both a climate problem and extensively theorized.

    Main words: Climate debt, climate justice, green theory, Marxism, classical realism.

  • Educating Refugees and the Internally Displaced Persons 05/04/2012
    Simmering ethno-religious crises, struggles for political power or natural resources, all of which have led to endless human suffering and consequent loss of lives, destruction of properties and displacement of people, demand that we focus on education. In this article, Blessing Ojone Adejoh talks about the importance of education during emergency response.

  • Cultivating Autonomy: Maize and Cultural Survival in El Quiché, Guatemala 04/10/2012
    David Golding examines how the Guatemalan military specifically targeted maize and milpa in its operations during the 1970s and 80s. He argues that the objective of these campaigns was to subjugate Mayan cultural space and food production, previously autonomous, to state control under the guise of development.

  • The Human Propensity for War 03/29/2012
    This historic panorama of nearly a century of war explains how and why war has become more murderous over time despite efforts toward peace, concluding that the reasons for going to war do not appear to have changed.

  • Terrorism and Moral Response 10/05/2011
    This week marks the 10 year anniversary of the US-led invasion of Afghanistan in retribution for the terrorist attacks of 9/11. In this essay, Hye Young Kim considers alternative responses to the moral outrage of terrorism, and proposes an intercultural dialogue rejecting violence and focusing on justice, humanity, and diversity.

  • Prosecution or Impunity? Is there an Alternative? 05/13/2011
    Marco Fanara analyzes the justice and peace relationship between prosecution and impunity, weighing the costs and benefits of both, seeking answers to the questions of whether states should seek ‘justice’ and prosecute, or grant impunity in the name of ‘reconciliation’? Are there alternatives? Utilizing the case study of Uganda and the ICC’s involvement therein, Fanara's essay presents arguments for and against both camps, working to answer the question of whether impunity acts as a barrier to lasting peace, or is it a crucial prerequisite?

  • Promoting Gender Equality in Postconflict Liberia: Challenges and Prospects 05/05/2010
    Horace Nagbe analyzes post-conflict Liberia through a gender lens. By analyzing the post-conflict recovery and development in the country, Nagbe reveals the vast inequalities between men and women. Further, Nagbe discusses the importance of women in the Liberian economy and their efforts in post-conflict reconstruction. Finally, the author presents various suggestions for empowering the women of Liberia and improving the state of the country as a whole.

  • Realizing the Relevance and Power of Liberian Women: An Epiphany on the Road to Peace (1999-2005) 04/08/2010
    Horace P. Nagbe reflects on his gendered identity constructed while growing up in Liberia. He then gives an historical account of the country´s violent past which gave rise to a change in his superior male perception: the efforts of the Women in Peacebuilding Network. This group of women recognized the urgent need to bring peace to Liberia and while being suppressed and violated by the government who ignored the citizen´s call for peace, these women came together to pressure the government towards peaceful change. This group inspired the movie Pray the Devil Back to Hell and played a significant role in establishing democratic elections in Liberia.

  • Nationalism in Question 10/07/2009
    This articles questions the definition of nationalism and the social constructs that redefine it today. The author argues that nationalism is commonly understood in a dualistic dichotomy – either positive or negative. This is partly a problem of the different contextual circumstances within which nationalism occurs, and partly a response to the challenges of understanding such a complex and dynamic phenomenon. Three dualisms are discussed: West vs the rest; civic vs ethnic; and liberal vs illiberal nationalism. This paper argues that these popular analytical simplifications map hide the wider positive/negative poles and also mask the exclusionary dimension.

  • Gangs in Central America: the Salvadorian Case 03/23/2009
    Key words: youth violence – gangs – maras – anti-maras law – plan Mano Dura – sustainable peacebuilding – La Cordinadora

  • Storytelling and the Moral Imagination: Mothering Peace 02/05/2009
    Key words: moral imagination, storytelling, peace building, transforming conflict, creativity, peace leadership, peace practioners

  • Secrecy in the Security Council 06/03/2008

  • Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Rebuilding Society 04/11/2008
    Samantha Garcia discusses social and institutional mechanisms for post-conflict reconstruction, with an emphasis on the need for cooperation and coordination between UN programmes, and between the UN and regional organizations. In this way, the specificities of each post-conflict situation, and the wide range of challenges faced by conflict-affected communities and individuals can be most appropriately addressed.

    Key Words: El Salavador, Peacekeeping, Post-Conflict Reconstruction.

  • The Dark Ages: Media Literacy and Conflict in the Middle East 12/06/2007

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