Strategies for building awareness for the potential of peace education in Cameroon Ben Oru Mforndip
Special Report
Has Democracy Enhanced Development in Africa? Conrad John Masabo
Permanent Emergency Powers in France: The ‘Law to Strengthen Internal Security and the Fight Against Terrorism’ and the Protection of Human Rights Lena Muhs
Women’s Political Representation in Sri Lanka: Leading towards Prosperity or Peril Pujika Rathnayake
On the Migrant Crisis Daniel Bagheri Sarvestani
Book Review
Inclusive Transitional Justice through Truth Commissions: A Book Review Amos Izerimana

Was it permissible for The United Nations to authorize humanitarian intervention in the post-election conflict in Cote d’ivoire? Dramane Ouattara
Special Report
Reflections of Refugees in Africa Wyclife Ong'eta Mose
Challenges and prospects of AU to implement the Ezulwini Consensus: The case of collective security and the use of force Tunamsifu Shirambere Philippe
The Right to Food Shant Melkonian
Freedom of Expression Under Threat in Zambia Mariateresa Garrido
Douglas Janoff on LGBTQIA Human Rights Luciana Téllez
Common Things: Communication, Community, Communal Peacebuilding Lina Patricia Forero Martínez
Lack of empathy as a threat to peace Victoria Scheyer
Comment II
The death of democracy in Honduras Daniel Bagheri S.
Research Summary
Water Security in the Sixaola River Basin Adrián Martinez Blanco and Diana Ubico Durán
Reborn Arunima Chouguley
An Open Letter to the American People: Political Responsibility in the Nuclear Age Richard Falk, David Krieger, and Robert Laney


  • Islamic spiritual leaders and de-radicalisation 08/01/2014
    The rise of radicalisation has seen States turn to all corners for assistance in the de-radicalisation process. The tentative role of Islamic spiritual leaders remains controversial with many criticising the fine line between their role in the radicalisation and de-radicalisation process. This article will serve to provide insights into the role and subsequent effectiveness of Islamic spiritual leaders in the process of de-radicalisation, before a brief comparison between their influence/effectiveness in contrast to political figures. What remains essential is the point that the reasons behind radicalisation may not necessarily be attributed to ideology or religion, so in this case is there still relevance or a necessity for Islamic religious figures to play a part?

  • El Salvador’s uncertain path to peace 03/12/2013
    Tags: El Salvador, peace process, gangs, rehabilitation, reintegration, ceasefire, sanctuary cities, Catholic Church, decolonizing peace, homicide, conflict transformation.

  • The Prospects of the African Mechanisms for Preventing, Managing and Resolving Conflict 01/15/2013
    This article discusses the potential of African mechanisms for peace, especially the African Union's Peace and Security Council, to prevent, manage, and resolve violent conflict on the continent, both within and between states. While various criticisms and challenges are discussed, the author ends on an optimistic note and makes a series of practical recommendations for AU member states, pointing a way forward, toward a peaceful and prosperous Africa.

  • Transitional justice: Embracing the complexities 06/01/2012
    Transitional Justice is a field of complexities and differing perspectives. Through analysis of truth commissions and amnesties as transitional justice solutions, Pamela Kovacs argues that embracing this complexity is necessary. Terminology like “victim-centred” and “justice” attempt to simplify and categorize behaviours and past injustices that are inherently complicated and perspective-driven.

  • The Power of Empathy in Conflict Resolution 05/16/2012
    Empathy has a profound ability to transform the way in which we resolve and understand conflicts. Empathy enables individuals to open their hearts and minds to not only see and understand the world from the perspective of others, but also to act in a way that is more likely to lead to a peaceful solution. In order to better understand empathy and its impact on conflict resolution, this paper will first address conflict, then empathy, how the two relate to one another, and finally, the essential nature of empathy in conflict resolution.
  • Reflections on Track II Peace building: case of Bakassi Peninsula in Cameroon 04/09/2010
    George Ngwane reviews the context and outcomes of the AFRICAphonie Citizen Peace Building capacity project in the disputed Bakassi Peninsula in Cameroon. This project followed a Track II approach, building networks of individuals to complement official diplomatic efforts. This report discusses the background of the project, outlines several ongoing challenges to peace in the region, and points the way forward by touching on some of the most important lessons learned in the process.

  • ADEPT prosperity: More than bread alone 09/01/2009
    Hal Bolton introduces his ADEPT system for transforming conflict in the workplace and shifting the neo-liberal model of "business as usual" towards a broader concept of prosperity, integrating democratic and humanitarian values.

  • Israel, Palestine, and the Power of Apology 02/06/2009
    The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is deeply rooted in history and politics, and will not be resolved without profound changes in attitudes and policies. As Scott Atran and Jeremy Ginges show, however, a lot can be accomplished with a simple apology.

  • Peace in Aceh 12/02/2008
    Three years after the historic Memorandum of Understanding was signed, Endro Kristanto discusses the long standing struggle between Aceh independence advocates and the Indonesian government, the current challenges to peace, and the necessities of building trust, protecting human rights, and moving towards political reconciliation.

  • Training Cameroon's Educators to be Peacemakers 11/03/2008
    Key words: peacebuilding skills, peace education, Cameroon school system, conflict resolution, conflict management, mututal understanding and tolerance, pedagogy.

  • Peace in Kenya Campaign 04/02/2008

  • Empathy Education 05/23/2006
    Sympathy and pity come naturally. But truly understanding a person or group of people may require you to put yourself in their shoes, and that requires empathy. A careful process of teaching and field trips can lead students toward this frame of mind, and a greater understanding of the people around them.

  • The Bright Side of Africa: Its Women 02/15/2006
    On a continent renowned for its AIDS pandemic and blood-thirsty warlords, this decade is seeing some bright spots emerge. And they're all women.

  • Building Community in Nepal 12/15/2005
    Maoist rebels and totalitarian monarchs are the order of the day for mainstream media coverage of Nepal. But lives are being lived beneath the political radar, and in a small village on the outskirts of Kathmandu, one man (known only as "Papa") has been making a difference by remodeling an dilapidated orphanage and giving local kids a chance to go to school.

  • Peace Education on the Brink 11/18/2005

  • Measuring Poverty 10/21/2005

  • The Nuts and Bolts of Sustainable Development 09/16/2005
    “Sustainable development” has become a popular catchphrase in recent years, used by everyone from environmentalists to big-business entrepreneurs. But what, exactly, is it? And where did the term come from? Benjamin Goldstein examines the value of sustainable development and explains danger of corrupting the term's original meaning.

  • A Ceremony of Forgiveness 08/19/2005

  • What's a tiny Pacific island to do? 07/13/2005
    "Small island communities are among those most vulnerable to the security risks of climate change," writes Larson. The rising oceans create a host of problems, including destruction of farmland, salination of water tables, and coastal erosion. But these individual island communities are teaming up, and "As 'low-power' actors, [they] are intentionally confronting the powerful industrialized countries responsible for climate warming."

  • Gandhi and the Impact of his Experiements, part II 05/12/2005

  • Gandhi and the Impact of His Experiments 03/18/2005
    From a University for Peace course entitled "Peace and Non-Violent Transformation of Conflict," this excerpt provides a basic introduction to Gandhi and his ideas. Gandhi never claimed to be infallible, and he viewed his ideas as experiments, not dogma.

    Part of a course package produced by the Department for Gender and Peace Studies, the lectures of Prof. Mary E. King and others will be excerpted on this site in the coming months.

  • Africa: Gateway to Peace. 01/18/2005
    Brendon Lewis explains why world peace could start with collective security in Africa.

  • Olympic Truce 12/08/2004
    This issue's Conciliation offers readers details of the proposed Olympic Truce for 2005 and invites schools world-wide to get involved and get 16 days of world peace .(see: )

  • Conflict and resolution in Rwanda 10/19/2004
    Alphonse Nshimiyimana describes his work in his home country of Rwanda at the Center for Conflict Management funded largely by UNDP and where, understandably, there is much to be done.

  • World Peace Forum 2006 09/20/2004
    A World Peace Forum and, just as importantly the process leading up to that forum, will have as its goal to help consolidate the capacity necessary for communication, coordination and action on a global scale to stop war and end global militarism. Local governments and social movements working together could create the critical mass to turn the dream of a world of peace and justice into a reality.

  • The separation fence Intifada 05/20/2004
    Links to news sources and Organizations.

  • Biddu: The struggle against the wall 05/20/2004
    On Sunday April 25, a group of 25 Palestinian women met at Biddu’s city council to have peaceful women’s march against the destruction of their land, the ghettoization of their community and the persisting escalation of violence from the Israeli army against nonviolent demonstrators. As with most peacefull demonstrations for the past year and a half, the march encountered brutal violence on the side of the Israeli forces. The army blocks any route of non-violent protest, says author Tanya Reinhart.

  • Colombia’s Peace Communities 03/26/2004
    The author argues that if more and more communities in Colombia followed the path of protesting peacefully against the brutal and aggravating conflict, the Comunidades de Paz could well constitute a bottom-up way to peace in a political setting where top-down approaches such as leadership declarations and negotiations have continuously failed. Non-violent protest, however, takes enormous courage.


  • Uniting Aphrodite's Island 02/19/2004

    February 19 2004 is a big day for the renewed talks on the reunification of the ethnic Greek and Turkish parts of the island of Cyprus. The talks are a last chance before May 1 when Cyprus will join the EU. Can the North and the South of the Island reach agreements before then? Most think so despite an eleventh hour bomb in Nicosia, the capital of the Aphrodite’s divided island

  • Building Bridges in Mostar 12/15/2003
    “There is scope for a workable compromise in Mostar that can win support from all concerned”, says Senad Slatina, Sarajevo-based analyst for ICG, “and it is a solution that can be applied as a model for city government throughout the Federation and BiH."

  • Non-violence as dignity 11/25/2003
    “Gandhi recognised that conflict will always be within us. I think we should study his powerful insights to achieve a more equitable social and political structure. The civil rights movement succeeded because the whites realised that racism was wrong and that they, and not the blacks, had to change.”

  • The Year 2003: A Beacon of Hope in Eastern Africa 11/04/2003
    With the year 2003 drawing to an end in less than two months, Ferdinand Katendeko, despite the history of conflict and simmering violence in many parts of the region, looks at the countries that compose the Inter Government Authority on Development (IGAD), and finds much to be hopeful about.

  • Gandhian Values Recognized 10/20/2003
    Mary King, Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies at the UN-affiliated University for Peace (UPEACE), a global institution whose main campus is in Costa Rica, is the winner of this year’s Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation International Award for promoting Gandhian values outside India. Previous winners of the International Award include Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu of South Africa, Professor Sir Joseph Rotblat of the United Kingdom, and Professor Johan Galtung of Norway.

  • Post-Conflict Macedonia: Peacebuilding With or Without Reconciliation 08/11/2003
    Biljana Vankovska offers an insight into peace-building and reconciliation in post-Ohrid Macedonia arguing that much more should be invested in the so-called human dimension of the post-conflict recovery.

  • Colombia: the good news 07/28/2003
    The internal pacification process in much-troubled Colombia has taken an important step forward. The recently concluded agreement between the Government of Colombia and the so-called United Self Defense Forces (AUC – often described as Colombia’s paramilitaries) for the gradual demobilization of the latter has come as a relief to many. It is not relevant to argue here whether or not “the paramilitaries pose the greatest threat to Colombian democracy …” (Foreign Affairs, Volume 8, No. 5) more so than the guerrillas (especially the FARC, who have conditioned advances in peace negotiations, amongst others on the government’s dealings with the AUC). The fact is that the government has successfully concluded an agreement – on paper. Peace-building is as difficult as peace-making, if not more so. Colombia is aware of it. It needs assistance.

  • Guillermo Gaviria Correa 06/23/2003
    The killing of Antioquia state Governor Guillermo Gaviria Correa on May 5, 2003, among ten hostages massacred by FARC guerrillas in reaction to a military rescue attempt, deprived Colombia and the world of a nonviolent political leader whose legacy is no less significant than those of Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.

  • The Global Environmental Challenge: Is the Developed World Up to It? 05/26/2003
    This Opinion is an edited version of the keynote speech delivered by Ambassador Van Haren to the Environment UK 2002 Conference hosted by the Environment Agency in October 2002. Further details of the conference at

  • Lessons from the "Support Group for Nicaragua" 04/21/2003
    The General Assembly of the UN watched the "establishment of an active group of friendly countries to play a particularly important role in supporting the reactivation of the social development in the country (Nicaragua), which will facilitate the strengthening of its institutional and democratic structures." With the whole world watching how the aftermath of the Iraqi intervention by the US and the UK will pan out, should we be watching how cooperative efforts aided by the UN have worked out elesewhere in recent years?

  • Environmental Ombudsman in Third Year of Operation 03/17/2003
    Frans van Haren reports a success story