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Past Special Report
Trafficking of Women
November 16, 2004
The international crime of trafficking in women for forced prostitution in BiH has been recognized as such since 1995. However, the first night-clubs with women “dancers” from Eastern Europe have been opened in the early 1990s. At that time, it was not clear whether women were trafficked or had arrived on their own to voluntarily work in prostitution. The trade in so called “sex slaves” was relatively unknown in the region until the mid-1990s. The sex industry was fuelled by the arrival of tens of thousands predominantly male U.N. personnel, after the Peace Agreement was signed in 1995.
BiH has become one of the main destination countries for women mainly from Moldova, Ukraine and Romania. According to information provided by non-govermental organizations (hereinafter NGOs) which specificaly deal with the problem of trafficking in BiH, there are more than 900 brothels spread throughout the country.
Olivera Simic discusses the problems of bringing this to an end.
Accountability of UN civilian police involved in Trafficking of Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The punishment does not meet the crime and, in return, it does not give deterrent to other people who may be tempted to get involved in trafficking.
(Anonymous, UN Interregional Crime and Justice Research
Institute (UNICRI), A Conference Report: Trafficking, Slavery and Peacekeeping,